One of the greatest German painters of the 20th century, Max Beckmann (1884 - 1950) came to America in the mid-1940s and settled in St. Louis. There he met the retailer and collector Morton D. May. By the time May died, in 1983, he had amassed a comprehensive collection of Beckmann's oeuvre, most of which he bequeathed to the Saint Louis Art Museum (SLAM). The stunning breadth and power of Beckmann's work is explored in this volume, which thoroughly examines all thirty-nine paintings in SLAM's collection. In addition to featuring some of Beckmann's most celebrated images, this book offers the English-speaking public new and fascinating insights into Beckmann's life and art - in particular his underappreciated early work and previously unexplored aspects of his final years in the United States. Divided into six sections, the book traces Beckmann's involvement with the Berlin Secession; his post-World War I life and rise to fame in these years; the impact of Parisian culture on Beckmann's art; his life under Nazi rule and exile in Amsterdam; his role in the St. Louis art scene of the 1940s; and his complex relationship to his adopted country. Accompanying each chapter are discussions of relevant works, documentary photographs and comparative illustrative material that will deepen readers' understanding of Beckmann's evolution as an artistic force.