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China's War Reporters: The Legacy of Resistance Against Japan

China's War Reporters: The Legacy of Resistance Against Japan

作者 : Parks M. Coble

出版社 : HARVARD UNIVERSITY PRESS

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定價 : NT 1,400

售價9折, NT1,260

內容簡介


1937年的夏天,日本展開侵略中國的第一步……當時許多中國記者敦促蔣介石抵抗日本,Parks Coble記錄了1937-1945年二次大戰中日戰爭期間中國戰第記者的經歷,這就是他們想要的戰爭,堅信自己的同胞會取得勝利。

作者深入研究了中國記者如范長江,金中華和鄒韜奮等對國家的救亡運動,也因為他們不顧危險的報導,激發廣大人民群眾的戰時寫作。而由於日軍驚人的勝利下,迫使蔣介石政府撤退到內陸,記者為了不削弱國家的士氣,掩蓋中國的失敗,甚至南京大屠殺的新聞都被淡化了。

到1941年,蔣介石打擊包括記者在內的左派知識分子,許多人逃到了北方共產黨控制的地區。而當人民共和國1949年成立,許多戰地記者接受表揚,但事實上,毛澤東強調了自己共產主義革命的英雄主義,而抹煞他對手蔣介石在抗戰時期的領導。更多的是,戰地記者在對日抗戰的作品與報導,隨著文化大革命,一一消失。這是一段混淆、離奇、錯縱複雜的歷史,因為一個國家的內戰,「抵禦外侮」成為一種手段,掩蓋真相的勾當,而以報導真相為使命的記者,在自以為是為國家為榮譽的責任驅使下,他們付出的是值得被讚許,還是受到利用大過一切?透過Parks Coble深思熟慮的分析,提供另一種視角看待中華人民共和國在中日二戰的影響。


When Japan invaded China in the summer of 1937, many Chinese journalists greeted the news with euphoria. For years, the Chinese press had urged Chiang Kai-shek to resist Tokyo s aggressive overtures. This was the war they wanted, convinced that their countrymen would triumph. Parks Coble"recaptures the experiences of China s war correspondents during the Sino-Japanese War of 1937 1945. He delves into the wartime writing of reporters connected with the National Salvation Movement journalists such as Fan Changjiang, Jin Zhonghua, and Zou Taofen who believed their mission was to inspire the masses through patriotic reporting. As the Japanese army moved from one stunning victory to the next, forcing Chiang s government to retreat to the interior, newspaper reports often masked the extent of China s defeats. Atrocities such as the Rape of Nanjing were played down in the press for fear of undercutting national morale. By 1941, as political cohesion in China melted away, Chiang cracked down on leftist intellectuals, including journalists, many of whom fled to the Communist-held areas of the north. When the People s Republic was established in 1949, some of these journalists were elevated to prominent positions. But in a bitter twist, all mention of their wartime writings disappeared. Mao Zedong emphasized the heroism of his own Communist Revolution, not the war effort led by his archrival Chiang. Denounced as enemies during the Cultural Revolution, once-prominent wartime journalists, including Fan, committed suicide. Only with the revival of Chinese nationalism in the reform era has their legacy been resurrected."
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