Mountainous, bordered by the great Altai mountain range, the Mongolian People's Republic is situated in steppe, semi-desert and desert regions of Central Asia. The Mongols have remained very close to nature in their way of life.
Their music is primarily pastoral and vocal. Three unique vocal techniques are used: khailakh (shouting, i.e. the use of a strained, guttural voice), duulakh (singing, i.e. using the natural voice in a more melodious way) and koomei (throat singing or overtone singing, the technique of producing vocal harmonics).
Musical instruments are traditionally used as accompaniment for the voice. The morin khuur or horse-head fiddle is the Mongolian national instrument. Other instruments include jew’s harps, flutes and a plucked lute.