Today Egon Schiele (1890–1918) is celebrated as an artist at the forefront of the international stage, although he spent almost his entire life in Lower Austria and Vienna. This publication uses the most recent sources and previously unpublished photographs to show how Schiele developed essential elements of his expressive art and how influential it remains to this day. For Egon Schiele Lower Austria represented both the world in which he lived and a space of yearning. He spent almost his entire life in this region, between Tulln, Krems, Klosterneuburg, Neulengbach, Mühling and Vienna. These landscapes and towns are therefore important milestones in the artist’s development. In addition to the individual creative periods and places, this volume also explores previously neglected influences such as his interest in X-rays and the art of Franz von Stuck. The reader discovers how Schiele developed his expressive art from the scientific and cultural currents of his time and the degree to which his Lower Austrian oeuvre continues to set international standards.