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Rethinking Positive Thinking: Inside the New Science of Motivation

Rethinking Positive Thinking: Inside the New Science of Motivation

作者 : Gabriele Oettingen

作者 : 歐廷珍

出版社 : Current

可訂購

定價 : NT 399

售價 : NT399

內容簡介


如何實現夢想呢?Rethinking Positive Thinking展示了如何把你的夢想變成現實。徹底顛覆了傳統思維。──CAROL S. DWEC,史丹佛大學心理系教授。

打破積極思維的刻板印象,正面思考,可能並不會成為人們實現夢想的有效力量。

在日常生活中,人們常被暗示:只要積極地思考,夢想就會成真。作者Gabriele Oettingen經過20餘年長期研究發現,人類的行為動機並不總是被樂觀精神所驅動。生活和工作中的障礙可能影響我們對夢想的追求,但更可能引導我們履行責任。

作者提出了一種新的動機驅動方式,可視化未來的畫面,在大腦中思考夢想,在現實中面對恐懼,制定出具體的計畫,在實際行動中獲得前進的動力和能量,可以解決我們的恐懼,做出具體的計劃,以採取行動,進而消除橫亙在我們道路上的障礙。作者認為,按照這些方式,人們有望在保持良好的人際關係、商務談判、升職、戒煙、減肥中表現得更好。

無論你只是情緒低落、不開心,面臨生命中嚴重問題而苦苦掙扎,或者你只是想提升自己思考能力,發掘新機會,《Black Box Thinking: The Surprising Truth About Success》一書提出的「黑盒子」思考,還是像本書所提的動機驅動思考方式,都能幫助你大膽地繪製未來的新路徑。

So often in our day-to-day lives we're inundated with advice to think positively. From pop music to political speeches to commercials, the general message is the same: look on the bright side, be optimistic in the face of adversity and focus on your dreams. And whether we're trying to motivate ourselves to lose weight, get a promotion at work or run a marathon, we're told time and time again that focusing on fulfilling our wishes will make them come true.

Gabriele Oettingen draws on more than twenty years of research in the science of human motivation to reveal why the conventional wisdom falls short. The obstacles that we think prevent us from realising our deepest wishes can actually lead to their fulfilment. Starry-eyed dreaming isn't all it's cracked up to be and, as it turns out, dreamers are not often doers. While optimism can help us alleviate immediate suffering and persevere in challenging times, merely dreaming about the future actually makes people more frustrated and unhappy over the long term and less likely to achieve their goals. In fact, the pleasure we gain from positive fantasies allows us to fulfil our wishes virtually, sapping our energy to perform the hard work of meeting challenges and achieving goals in real life.

Based on her ground-breaking research and large-scale scientific studies, Oettingen introduces a new way to visualise the future, called mental contrasting. It combines focusing on our dreams with visualising the obstacles that stand in our way. By experiencing our dreams in our minds and facing reality we can address our fears, make concrete plans and gain energy to take action.

Oettingen applies mental contrasting to three key areas of personal change - becoming healthier, nurturing personal and professional relationships and performing better at work. She introduces readers to the key phases of mental contrasting using a proven four-step process called WOOP - Wish, Outcome, Obstacle, Plan - and offers advice and exercises on how to best apply this method to daily life. Through mental contrasting, people in Oettingen's studies have become significantly more motivated to quit smoking, lose weight, get better grades, sustain fulfilling relationships and negotiate more effectively in business situations.

Whether you are unhappy and struggling with serious problems or you just want to improve, discover and explore new opportunities, this book will deepen your ideas about human motivation and help you boldly chart a new path ahead. "The solution isn't to do away with dreaming and positive thinking. Rather, it's making the most of our fantasies by brushing them up against the very thing most of us are taught to ignore or diminish: the obstacles that stand in our way."
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