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Final Solution: The Fate of the Jews 1933-1949

Final Solution: The Fate of the Jews 1933-1949

作者 : David Cesarani

出版社 : PAN MACMILLAN

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定價 : NT 1,210

售價9折, NT1,089

內容簡介


反猶運動是學界堅持不懈的研究議題,這位2015年10月逝世、專門研究大屠殺歷史學家David Cesarani的作品,論述當初納粹對猶太人的迫害並非原計劃,而是壓力導致這場戰爭一步步淪為種族屠殺。此外,他還記述了1945年後猶太人在災民庇護所直到解放的故事。

David Cesarani提出納粹德國的反猶太人政治的解釋,顯示猶太人的「最終解決」並不是納粹中央的當務之急,也不是一個必然的過程。 作者還將重點放在大屠殺之後的英國猶太人的生活面向,他們從戰爭逃過一劫的餘生,如何掙扎活下來。

在這個全新的詮釋納粹與猶太人的歷史,戰爭是猶太人命運的關鍵,揭示那些躲避追捕和反擊的猶太人的勇氣和智慧。

The Holocaust has never been so widely commemorated, but our understanding of the accepted narrative has rarely, if ever, been questioned.

David Cesarani's sweeping reappraisal challenges accepted explanations for the anti-Jewish politics of Nazi Germany and the inevitability of the 'Final Solution'. The persecution of the Jews was not always the Nazis' central preoccupation, nor was it an inevitable process. Cesarani also reveals that in German-occupied countries it unfolded erratically, often due to local initiatives. Ghettos were improvised while the mass shooting of Jews during the invasion of Russia owed as much to the security situation as to anti-semitism.

In this new interpretation, war is critical to the Jewish fate. Military failure denied the Germans opportunities to expel Jews into a distant territory and created a crisis of resources that led to starvation of the ghettos and intensified anti-Jewish measures. It was global war that eventually triggered genocide in Europe.

Cesarani disputes the iconic role of railways, deportation trains and even Auschwitz, and reveals that plunder was more a cause of anti-Jewish feeling than a consequence of it. Using diaries and reports written in ghettos and camps, he exposes the extent of sexual violence and abuse of Jewish women by the Germans, their collaborators and, shockingly, by Jews themselves. But Cesarani also reveals the courage and ingenuity of those who struggled to evade capture and fought back wherever they could. And unlike previous histories, he follows the Jews' journey to the 'Displaced Persons' camps; camps which have so often been merely a footnote in the story but where Jews languished behind barbed wire for years after 'liberation'.

This moving and dramatic account captures the fate of the Jews, the horror and the heroism, in their own words. Resting on decades of scholarship, it is compelling, authoritative, and profoundly disturbing.
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