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Accidental State: Chiang Kai-Shek, the United States, and the Making of Taiwan

Accidental State: Chiang Kai-Shek, the United States, and the Making of Taiwan

作者 : Hsiao-Ting Lin

作者 : 林孝庭

出版社 : HARVARD UNIVERSITY PRESS

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從解密的史料爬梳台灣國際地位的歷史

繼耗十餘年之功,在翻查華府、倫敦、台北和加州史丹佛大學的胡佛檔案館最新的解密檔案的基礎上,再援引蔣介石日記及多位親歷者的著作而成《台海冷戰解密檔案》之後,史丹福大學胡佛研究院暨胡佛檔案館東亞館館長林孝庭又一力作。

Accidental State: Chiang Kai-shek, the United States, and Making of Taiwn《意外的國度》,受到國際學界得重視,主流媒體紛紛評論與推薦。本書旨在探討海峽兩岸兩個政治實體產生的過程,說明1940到1950,因為很多錯綜複雜的因素蔣介石領導的中華民國遷到到台灣,當時蔣介石的選擇與意願是甚麼呢?以及美國在其中所扮演的角色。

嚴謹的治學態度和修正主義的說法。使用各種主要材料,鑑古知來,研讀歷史真相的同時,從中學到寶貴的教訓,作者中肯顯示冷戰初期,台灣在亞洲快速和意外變化期間,蔣介石在與中國共產黨內戰失利後,建立最後堡壘的過程,同時也揭示冷戰時期,國內和國際陰謀的複雜的故事,促成台灣的崛起,一個意外的狀態,引人入勝。

Defeated by Mao Zedong, Chiang Kai-shek's Nationalists fled to Taiwan to establish a rival state, thereby creating the "Two Chinas" dilemma that vexes international diplomacy to this day. This is the conventional narrative that Hsiao-ting Lin challenges in Accidental State. Drawing on recently declassified archives, he shows that the creation of a Taiwanese state in the early 1950s owed more to serendipity than careful geostrategic planning. It was the cumulative outcome of ad hoc half-measures and imperfect compromises, particularly when it came to the Nationalists' often contentious relationship with the United States. Taiwan's political status was fraught from the start. The island had been ceded to Japan after the First Sino-Japanese War, and during World War II the Allies promised Chiang that Taiwan would revert to Chinese rule after Japan's defeat. But as the Civil War turned against the Nationalists, U.S. policymakers reassessed the wisdom of backing Chiang. Cold War realities and the fear of Taiwan falling into Communist hands led Washington to recalibrate. Yet American support of a Taiwan-based Republic of China remained ambivalent, and Taiwan had to eke out a place for itself in international affairs as a de facto, if not fully sovereign, state.
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