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The Memory Illusion: Remembering, Forgetting, and the Science of False Memory

The Memory Illusion: Remembering, Forgetting, and the Science of False Memory

作者 : Julia Shaw

出版社 : RANDOM CENTURY GROUP LIMITED

可訂購

定價 : NT 659

售價 : NT659

內容簡介


我們的記憶就如同維基百科,隨時、隨地、任何人都可以修改,
如此一來,你能肯定你記得的一切,都是真實的嗎?

真的有人可以記得嬰兒時期的事嗎?
目擊證人的證詞有多準確?
我們真的記得重要事件當天自己在做什麼嗎?
其實,人的記憶就像維基百科一樣,
有相當多的元素都會影響記憶的正確程度。

英國知名記憶研究員茱莉亞‧蕭解釋了記憶運作的原則,
說明我們記得與遺忘各種事件背後的理由,
並說明社會環境如何左右我們的記憶。

我們可能因為父母跟我們說小時候在何時何地做了什麼事情而信以為真,但事實上有可能是父母把錯誤的記憶傳輸給你;
我們也很容易把朋友說過的事情當成自己經歷過的記憶而向他人吹噓,但實際上只是記憶的社交感染,讓你們共享了記憶。

更甚者,我們可能認為我們能指認命案的兇手,其實也可能是被他人言語影響下產生虛假記憶所做出的指控,
或是,有的人認為自己目睹的九一一事件的當下,並且能鉅細靡遺地描述當時在做的事情與細節,卻不知自己已經把新聞畫面與某些倖存者的訪問融入自己的記憶之中。

這些記憶看來再真實不過,卻並非真相,
跟隨本書深入探索現實與記憶之間的不一致,
你才能發現,沒有人可以保證自己的記憶絕對正確--
你以為你記得的,其實你可能根本忘了!

Think you have a good memory? Think again.

Memories are our most cherished possessions. We rely on them every day of our lives. They make us who we are. And yet the truth is they are far from being the accurate record of the past we like to think they are. True, we can all admit to having suffered occasional memory lapses, such as entering a room and immediately forgetting why, or suddenly being unable to recall the name of someone we've met dozens of times. But what if our minds have the potential for more profound errors, that enable the manipulation or even outright fabrication of our memories?

In The Memory Illusion, forensic psychologist and memory expert Dr Julia Shaw uses the latest research to show the astonishing variety of ways in which our brains can indeed be led astray. She shows why we can sometimes misappropriate other people's memories, subsequently believing them to be our own. She explains how police officers can imprison an innocent man for life on the basis of 300 denials and just one confession. She demonstrates the way radically false memories can be deliberately implanted, leading people to believe they had tea with Prince Charles, or committed crimes that never happened. And she reveals how, in spite of all this, we can improve our memory through simple awareness of its fallibility. 

Fascinating and unnerving in equal measure, The Memory Illusion offers a unique insight into the human brain, challenging you to question how much you can ever truly know about yourself.
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