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Dark Money: The Hidden History of the Billionaires Behind the Rise of the Radical Right

Dark Money: The Hidden History of the Billionaires Behind the Rise of the Radical Right

作者 : Jane Mayer

出版社 : ALFRED A. KNOPF

可訂購

定價 : NT 440

售價9折, NT396

內容簡介


《紐約時報》2016年10大年度最佳圖書
《華盛頓郵報》2016年值得注目書籍


暢銷書Dark Side作者Jane Mayer又一力作。本書揭發美國財閥家族如何將所謂的”暗錢”投入各種基金會,以控制美國政治,使得貧富越來越不均,也使因應氣候變遷所做的各種環保計劃不斷地挫敗。凡是關心民主國家發展的讀者,不可錯過本書非凡的調查式報導。


美國的財閥們所繳的稅竟低於中產階級人士?他們是如何做到的?原來這些精英財閥們組成了綿密的人際網絡,將大量資金投入可以抵稅的各種機構,如:智庫、學術機構、媒體、司法機關、政府組織,以”暗錢”來影響這些機構的言論,增加財閥個人與企業的獲利,甚至汙染環境,罔顧勞工安全並影響美國稅法。

書中提到為這些財閥運作的職工們,各個聰明、受過嚴格的訓練、有時甚至冷酷無情。他們雇用私家偵探,無所不用其極地詆毀吹哨者、新聞人、甚至政府的調查人員,讓這些財閥無往不利,並且阻止了環境、勞工、金融與稅法的改革。

作者花了5年的時間,做過數百次專訪,爬梳無數的公開紀錄、私人文件以及法院的訴訟案件,揭露美國新寡頭政治的背景。她並且在這本平裝書的序言中,評論了川普的勝選。

Why is America living in an age of profound economic inequality? Why, despite the desperate need to address climate change, have even modest environmental efforts been defeated again and again? Why have protections for employees been decimated? Why do hedge-fund billionaires pay a far lower tax rate than middle-class workers?

The conventional answer is that a popular uprising against big government led to the ascendancy of a broad-based conservative movement. But as Jane Mayer shows in this powerful, meticulously reported history, a network of exceedingly wealthy people with extreme libertarian views bankrolled a systematic, step-by-step plan to fundamentally alter the American political system.
The network has brought together some of the richest people on the planet. Their core beliefs that taxes are a form of tyranny; that government oversight of business is an assault on freedom are sincerely held. But these beliefs also advance their personal and corporate interests: Many of their companies have run afoul of federal pollution, worker safety, securities, and tax laws.

The chief figures in the network are Charles and David Koch, whose father made his fortune in part by building oil refineries in Stalin s Russia and Hitler s Germany. The patriarch later was a founding member of the John Birch Society, whose politics were so radical it believed Dwight Eisenhower was a communist. The brothers were schooled in a political philosophy that asserted the only role of government is to provide security and to enforce property rights.

When libertarian ideas proved decidedly unpopular with voters, the Koch brothers and their allies chose another path. If they pooled their vast resources, they could fund an interlocking array of organizations that could work in tandem to influence and ultimately control academic institutions, think tanks, the courts, statehouses, Congress, and, they hoped, the presidency. Richard Mellon Scaife, the mercurial heir to banking and oil fortunes, had the brilliant insight that most of their political activities could be written off as tax-deductible philanthropy.
These organizations were given innocuous names such as Americans for Prosperity. Funding sources were hidden whenever possible. This process reached its apotheosis with the allegedly populist Tea Party movement, abetted mightily by the Citizens United decision a case conceived of by legal advocates funded by the network.

The political operatives the network employs are disciplined, smart, and at times ruthless. Mayer documents instances in which people affiliated with these groups hired private detectives to impugn whistle-blowers, journalists, and even government investigators. And their efforts have been remarkably successful. Libertarian views on taxes and regulation, once far outside the mainstream and still rejected by most Americans, are ascendant in the majority of state governments, the Supreme Court, and Congress. Meaningful environmental, labor, finance, and tax reforms have been stymied.

Jane Mayer spent five years conducting hundreds of interviews-including with several sources within the network-and scoured public records, private papers, and court proceedings in reporting this book. In a taut and utterly convincing narrative, she traces the byzantine trail of the billions of dollars spent by the network and provides vivid portraits of the colorful figures behind the new American oligarchy.

Dark Money is a book that must be read by anyone who cares about the future of American democracy.
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作者介紹
■作者簡介

Jane Mayer

任職於《紐約客》雜誌,與Jill Abramson 共同撰寫的Strange Justice: The Selling of Clarence Thomas曾入圍美國國家圖書獎;她的The Dark Side: The Inside Story of How the War on Terror Turned into a War on American Ideals獲得古根漢學術獎,也獲《紐約時報》十大年度圖書。
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