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The Divide: A Brief Guide to Global Inequality and Its Solutions

The Divide: A Brief Guide to Global Inequality and Its Solutions

作者 : Jason Hickel

出版社 : RANDOM CENTURY GROUP LIMITED

可訂購

定價 : NT 499

售價 : NT499

內容簡介


如何解決全球日益嚴重的貧富不均問題?人類學家Jason Hickel所提出的解決之道,為我們打開了另一扇窗。

一直以來我們以為經濟發展可以有效地縮短貧富差距,過去30年,貧窮已經被削減了一半,到了2030年便不再存在,這是世界最具權力的政府與企業掛保證的事,然而,事實真是如此?

自1960年代以來,南北半球的所得差距大致上有三倍之多,全球百分之六十也就是43億的人口,每日僅靠不到5元美金過活,更有甚者,世界有10億人口一日僅靠不到1美金度日,世界最富有的8個人掌控的是相當於世界一半貧窮人口的財富。

到底是什麼原因造成這種不斷擴大的貧富差距?我們以為貧窮是自然現象並且可以經由援助來改善,但是事實是,貧窮是政治問題,它存在是因為它是被創造出來的。

貧窮國家之所以貧窮,是因為它們以不平等的條件融入全球經濟體系。援助看似有效是因為隱藏了導致貧窮與不均的財富榨取的深層型態:不論是動了手腳的交易條件、逃漏稅、土地掠奪以及和氣候變遷相關的支出。本書追溯了這個體系的演變,從哥倫布的探險到全球的債務制度,竟都容許少部分的富有國家掌控世界的經濟政策。

既然貧窮是政治問題,那麼它也需要以政治來解決。本書提供的解答深具啟發,提出必須要以更激進的方式來解決貧窮問題。利用最新的研究、詳細的分析以及多年的田調經驗,本書作者對「世界運作可以改變」的論述,既挑釁、急切又鼓舞人心。

For decades we have been told a story about the divide between rich countries and poor countries.

We have been told that development is working: that the global South is catching up to the North, that poverty has been cut in half over the past thirty years, and will be eradicated by 2030. It’s a comforting tale, and one that is endorsed by the world’s most powerful governments and corporations. But is it true?

Since 1960, the income gap between the North and South has roughly tripled in size. Today 4.3 billion people, 60 per cent of the world's population, live on less than $5 per day. Some 1 billion live on less than $1 a day. The richest eight people now control the same amount of wealth as the poorest half of the world combined.

What is causing this growing divide? We are told that poverty is a natural phenomenon that can be fixed with aid. But in reality it is a political problem: poverty doesn’t just exist, it has been created.

Poor countries are poor because they are integrated into the global economic system on unequal terms. Aid only works to hide the deep patterns of wealth extraction that cause poverty and inequality in the first place: rigged trade deals, tax evasion, land grabs and the costs associated with climate change. The Divide tracks the evolution of this system, from the expeditions of Christopher Columbus in the 1490s to the international debt regime, which has allowed a handful of rich countries to control economic policies in the rest of the world.

Because poverty is a political problem, it requires political solutions. The Divide offers a range of revelatory answers, but also explains that something much more radical is needed – a revolution in our way of thinking. Drawing on pioneering research, detailed analysis and years of first-hand experience, The Divide is a provocative, urgent and ultimately uplifting account of how the world works, and how it can change.
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作者介紹
■作者簡介

Jason Hickel
倫敦政經學院的人類學家,來自史瓦濟蘭,曾經花了數年的時間與南非的移民工人同住,研究伴隨種族隔離制度而來的各種剝削型態以及政治抵抗。他固定在《衛報》上撰寫關於經濟發展、貧富不均與全球政治經濟方面的文章。

Jason Hickel

Jason Hickel is an anthropologist at the London School of Economics. Originally from Swaziland, he spent a number of years living with migrant workers in South Africa, studying patterns of exploitation and political resistance in the wake of apartheid. Alongside his ethnographic work, he writes about development, inequality, and global political economy, contributing regularly to the Guardian, Al Jazeera and other online outlets. His work has been funded by Fulbright-Hays Program, the National Science Foundation, the Wenner-Gren Foundation, the Charlotte Newcombe Foundation and the Leverhulme Trust. He lives in London.
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