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The Death of Expertise: The Campaign Against Established Knowledge and Why It Matters

The Death of Expertise: The Campaign Against Established Knowledge and Why It Matters

作者 : Tom Nichols

出版社 : OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

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定價 : NT 935

售價9折, NT842

內容簡介


資訊爆炸的時代,網路知識唾手可得,每個人都是專家?益智問答節目Jeopardy!五度冠軍、美國海軍戰爭學院教授Tom Nichols在本書中大聲疾呼,忽略專業將造成什麼樣的後果。

☉亞馬遜教育哲學類書籍冠軍。

科技與就學管道多元,造就現代人身處有史以來資訊最多的時代。這樣的情況助長人人皆是萬事通的錯覺,迷戀自己無所不能,被誤導的知識平等主義已經阻礙許多議題的討論。當今的每一個人知曉每一件事,只要查查網路醫生或是維基百科,一般大眾就以為自己的知識基礎與水平和專業的醫生與受過訓練的外交官毫無差別。所有最無稽的訊息竟被嚴肅以待,專業中肯的聲音卻被認為是獨裁的菁英主義。

作者在本書中解釋這種拒絕專業的原因,包括:網路的開放、高等教育中興起的顧客滿意模型、新聞產業轉變成24小時的娛樂機器…等。資訊的自由散佈,卻沒有產生一群受教的群眾,於是創造出一群錯誤資訊的大軍與詆毀知識成就的憤怒鄉民。

作者不僅關心近年來拒絕專業與學習的潮流,他更擔心的是,每個人都認為沒有別的人比他所知的更多,那麼民主機構與政府將會陷入民粹主義與技術官僚的危機中。本書探索的不僅是這個危險的現象,他並且對資訊時代中現代民主的穩定性與續存問題提出了嚴正的警告。

People are now exposed to more information than ever before, provided both by technology and by increasing access to every level of education. These societal gains, however, have also helped fuel a surge in narcissistic and misguided intellectual egalitarianism that has crippled informed debates on any number of issues. Today, everyone knows everything: with only a quick trip through WebMD or Wikipedia, average citizens believe themselves to be on an equal intellectual footing with doctors and diplomats. All voices, even the most ridiculous, demand to be taken with equal seriousness, and any claim to the contrary is dismissed as undemocratic elitism. 

As Tom Nichols shows in The Death of Expertise, this rejection of experts has occurred for many reasons, including the openness of the internet, the emergence of a customer satisfaction model in higher education, and the transformation of the news industry into a 24-hour entertainment machine. Paradoxically, the increasingly democratic dissemination of information, rather than producing an educated public, has instead created an army of ill-informed and angry citizens who denounce intellectual achievement. 

Nichols has deeper concerns than the current rejection of expertise and learning, noting that when ordinary citizens believe that no one knows more than anyone else, democratic institutions themselves are in danger of falling either to populism or to technocracy-or in the worst case, a combination of both. The Death of Expertise is not only an exploration of a dangerous phenomenon but also a warning about the stability and survival of modern democracy in the Information Age.
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作者介紹
■作者簡介

Tom Nichols
美國海軍戰爭學院國家安全事務教授,也是哈佛延伸教育學院兼任教授,曾經擔任美國參議院助理,也是數本關於外交政策與國際安全事務書籍的作者。
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