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Kolyma Stories

Kolyma Stories

作者 : Varlam Shalamov

出版社 : New York Review of Books

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定價 : NT 665

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內容簡介


Life in a Russian gulag, based on the author's own years in the Gulag, chronicled in an epic masterpiece.

Kolyma Stories is a masterpiece of twentieth-century literature, composed of short fictional tales based on Russian writer Varlam Shalamov's fifteen years in the Gulag. This NYRB Classics edition (and an accompanying second volume forthcoming in 2019) is the first complete English translation of Shalamov's stories, based on the definitive edition of his collected works, published in Russia in 2013.

Shalamov spent six years as a slave in the gold mines of Kolyma, a far northeast region of the USSR and one of the coldest and most inhospitable places on Earth, before finding a less intolerable life as a paramedic in the prison camps. He began writing his account of life in Kolyma after Stalin's death in 1953 and continued until his own physical and mental decline in the late 1970s.

In Kolyma Stories, the line between autobiography and fiction is indistinct: Everything in these stories was experienced or witnessed by Shalamov. His work records the real names of prisoners and their oppressors; he himself appears simply as "I" or "Shalamov," or at times under a pseudonym, such as Andreyev or Krist. These collected stories form the biography of a rare survivor, a historical record of the Gulag, and, because the stories have more than documentary value, a literary work of creative power and conviction. This new complete translation of Kolyma Stories will fill a significant gap in the English-language library of Russian literature.
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作者介紹
About the Author

Varlam Shalamov (1907-1982)
was born in Vologda, a small city outside of Moscow, to a teacher and a Russian Orthodox priest. Shalamov attended the Moscow State University in the Department of Soviet Law, and during his years as a student joined a group of Trotskyites. In 1929, he was arrested and sentenced to three years of hard labor and sent to a camp north of the Ural Mountains. After his release, he returned to Moscow, where he married, had a daughter, and worked as a journalist, and wrote poetry and short stories. In 1937, Shalamov was arrested again and spent the next seventeen years in the labor camps of the Kolyma River basin, a period that he would describe in his Kolyma Stories. He was released in the 1950s and allowed publish some of his poetry, though in the 1970s, when he was dependent on the Soviet Writers' Union for money, was forced to denounce his work abroad in a public letter.

Donald Rayfield
is emeritus professor of Russian and Georgian at Queen Mary, University of London. He introduced and translated Nikolai Gogol's Dead Souls from the Russian for NYRB Classics.

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