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Why? Explaining the Holocaust

Why? Explaining the Holocaust

作者 : Peter Hayes

出版社 : W. W. NORTON & COMPANY, INC.

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定價 : NT 595

售價79折, NT470

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探討人類歷史最悲劇的扉頁之一

即使紀錄納粹大屠殺的書籍、電影、博物館、紀念館等不計其數,時至七十年後的今日,對於二十世紀文明中心的歐洲為何會發生如此慘劇,卻仍沒有合理解釋。


美國西北大學退休榮譽教授、知名歷史學家Peter Hayes,三十多年來致力於納粹大屠殺研究,將教學內容付梓成書,試圖回答歷年來學生最常提出的問題,以其作為章節名稱。它們看似基本、卻十分難解──

為什麼屠殺者是德國人?
為什麼對象是猶太人,而不是其他種族?
為什麼種族根除得如此迅速、徹底?
為什麼沒有更多的猶太人反抗?
為什麼猶太人沒有得到更多協助?
為什麼同盟國不沿著通往集中營的鐵路轟炸?

作者融合學術研究成果與教學經驗,挑戰歷史對納粹大屠殺的普遍詮釋。他認為並沒有單一理論可以「解釋」大屠殺,而是多股勢力在某個時間點的交會,導致了災難的發生。本書也藉古鑑今,如當今難民危機引發的反移民論點,與當時的反猶太情緒是十分相近的。隨著納粹大屠殺的經歷者即將抵達生命終點,解開事件的真相,以及教育新一代更顯益發重要。本書十分具開創性,是了解納粹大屠殺的權威著作。

 "...this clear, well-written book has much of importance to tell us in an age of sudden fear, propaganda and fake news...Hayes, while not avoiding suffering, demonstrates the unshowy anger and scholarly restraint that characterises the best work by historians...Overall, this timely, level-headed book is a model of public engagement by a historian." Times Higher Education

Peter Hayes has been teaching Holocaust studies for decades and Why? grows out of the questions he's encountered from his students. Despite the outpouring of books, films, memorials, museums and courses devoted to the subject, a coherent explanation of why such carnage erupted still eludes people. Numerous myths have sprouted, many to console us that things could have gone differently if only some person or entity had acted more bravely or wisely; others cast new blame on favourite or surprising villains or even on historians.

Why? dispels many legends and debunks the most prevalent ones, including the claim that the Holocaust never happened. Hayes brings scholarly wisdom to bear on popular views of the history, challenging some of the most prominent interpretations and arguing that the convergence of multiple forces at a particular moment resulted in this catastrophe.
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作者介紹
About the Author

Peter Hayes
is professor of history and German and Theodore Zev Weiss Holocaust Educational Foundation Professor of Holocaust Studies Emeritus at Northwestern University, and chair of the Academic Committee of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.
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